Home Health and Fitness All You Need to Know About Microdermabrasion

All You Need to Know About Microdermabrasion

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The skin is the largest body organ. It acts as a barrier to prevent the entry of bacteria, germs, and other harmful organisms. It also helps the body regulate body temperature and allows heat, cold, and touch sensations.

The skin

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The skin has three layers: the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis. The dermis is the outermost layer. It gives us the skin tone and provides a waterproof barrier protecting the entire body.

The dermis is beneath the epidermis. It contains the hair follicle, sweat glands, and other connective tissues. The hypodermis, also known as the subcutaneous layer, is made of connective tissues and fat.


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Microdermabrasion is one of the methods used to treat acne. It is an invasive surgical procedure that aims to enhance skin tone and texture. It helps improve the overall appearance of the skin. Microdermabrasion helps to remove acne, scarring, wrinkles, dark spots, and other tissue irregularities.

Microdermabrasion procedure is done by a dermatologist or a surgeon who has specialized training. It is considered a safe invasive procedure for all skin types and colors. It is an alternative treatment for acne and other skin concerns such as stretch marks, melasma, sun damage, fine lines and wrinkles, age spots, enlarged blackheads and pores, and dull-looking complexion.

Microdermabrasion procedure

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Microdermabrasion uses a unique device with an abrasive surface that gently scrubs away the thick outer layer of the epidermis to rejuvenate it.

Another method in microdermabrasion is where fine particles of sodium bicarbonate or aluminum oxide are sprayed on the skin. The technique has a similar outcome as when the other method is used.

Is Microdermabrasion a Cosmetic Option?

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Microdermabrasion is considered a cosmetic procedure. Consequently, insurance providers do no cover the cost. Instead, the individual must pay for the services.

Before booking a microdermabrasion procedure, it is crucial to consult tntelederm a professional dermatology to find out if the procedure is necessary. The expert also determines if the process is the most appropriate intervention for you.

During the consultation, it is necessary to inform your doctor about other cosmetic procedures you may have had in the past. Additionally, let the dermatologist know if you have any allergies or existing health conditions.

You’ll be informed of any prior preparation for the procedure. For instance, you may be required to keep away from sun exposure, the use of tanning creams, and waxing. It may also avoid using masks and exfoliating creams at least a few days before the surgical procedure.

How Microdermabrasion Works

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The microdermabrasion procedure will be done in the dermatologist’s office. Do not expect sophisticated machines to work on your face. The process takes approximately one hour. It is critical to ascertain that the doctor is a certified skincare professional such as a dermatologist.

Anesthesia or numbing agent may not be necessary for the process. To start the procedure, you’ll sit on a reclining chair. A protective gown or napkin may be tied around your neck for hygiene. The provider will use a mobile, hand-held device to gently sand away the epidermis on the targeted areas of the skin. The procedure is quite gentle.

Once the procedure is complete, the provider will apply a generous amount of moisturizer on the face, and sunscreen. The two are meant to lock the moisture in the skin because the epidermis is compromised.

Are there other ways of doing microdermabrasion?

There are other ways to do microdermabrasion. The methods differ in the device used for the procedure.

Differentiated-tip hand piece

This microdermabrasion tool comes with different types of tips. Two tips are primarily for blackheads while the others are for exfoliating. The hand piece is used around the eyes because the skin is here is thinner and sensitive. It is designed to exfoliate the skin in a gentle motion to remove the dead cell. It also suctions the dead cells away.

This tool has two settings; one high and the other high. It also allows one to switch depending on your skin sensitivity and the intensity required.

The depth of the abrasion motion is determined by the pressure applied on the hand-held device. It is also affected by the duration the suction persists on the skin.

Crystal microdermabrasion

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This method also uses a hand-held device that emits crystals to gently spray and sand away the outer layer of the skin. Dermabrasion crystals are ideally used by professionals. Microdermabrasion crystals improve skin texture, leaving it smoother, brighter and more radiant. This method is more similar to sandblasting while the differentiated diamond-tip may be close to sandpaper.

The dead skin cells are suctioned off similar to the differentiated tip hand piece. Some of the crystals used include sodium bicarbonate or white aluminum oxide.


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This is a relatively new dermatological technique combining the power of oxygen and water molecules.
Hydra-dermabrasion uses dermal infusing products and abrasion-free exfoliation. The combination aims to stimulate collagen production. The process also maximizes blood circulation to the skin.

Hydradermabrasion is a less invasive chemical procedure. It is ideal for all skin types because the procedure enhances hydration level on the skin.

Risks and side effects associated with microdermabrasion

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Anyone who has been on isotretinoin in the recent six months should consult the doctor before microdermabrasion. One should also consult a dermatologist if there’s bleeding, glowing of any patch or spot on the skin.

The side effects are not severe and differ from person to person. They are a result of the suction motion, and may disappear hours after the procedure. These side effects include redness similar to sunburn, tenderness, burning sensation and skin welling.

The provider will apply a moisturizer after the procedure. The moisturizer helps to reduce flaking or drying of the skin and locks away moisture in the skin.

What to expect during the procedure

One may hardly notice you’ve procured microdermabrasion because the procedure does not have downtime. Therefore, immediately the procedure is over, one can resume daily activities.

You’ll need to keep your skin well-hydrated by taking plenty of fluids, applying gentle skincare products, and applying sunscreen. Sunscreen is mandatory because the skin is most sensitive to the sun, few weeks after the process. One needs to avoid using acne medication a few days after the procedure.

Results to expect

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You can expect results immediately after the procedure is over. More visible results may come after subsequent microdermabrasion sessions. The number of sessions is determined by your expectations and the severity of your skin concerns.

The provider will schedule you for review sessions and give you a treatment plan after the initial procedure. The provider will also advise on any periodic maintenance treatment if need be.

The skin is the largest body organ that protects the entry of microbiomes and other harmful elements. Microdermabrasion is an invasive cosmetic surgical procedure. It is used for skin concerns such as acne, wrinkles, fine lines, and other such problems.